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Kanas Lake

The Kanas Lake (kā nà sī hú 喀纳斯湖), a frigid highland valley lake, nestling at the foot of the Youyi (Friendship) Peak of the Altai Mountains (ā ěr tài shān 阿尔泰山), is actually the widest section of the Kanas River, a tributary of the Erix River. Kanas is the only outstretched belt of Siberian taigas forest in China, the only distribution area of Siberian plants in China, the largest branch river head of Etix River—the only water system to the Arctic Ocean in China.

Location
The Kanas Lake, which means “beautiful, rich and mysterious” in Mongolian, can be found 150km north of Bu’erjin Town (bù ěr jīn 布尔津) in Xinjiang (xīn jiāng 新疆). Located in a valley in the Altai Mountains near the very northern tip of Xinjiang, the lake is 1,374m above sea level and covers an area of 45sqkm with the deepest point of 188m.

General Introduction
Kanas LakeKanas Lake was formed through severe glacial erosion by glaciers. The lake is estimated to be 200,000 years old and is China’s deepest fresh water lake (184 meters in one spot). Kanas Lake Comprehensive Natural Reserve, a golden zone bordering four countries of Kazakhstan, Russia, Mongolia and China, is the only drainage basin of the Arctic Ocean in China. In Xinjiang, the reserve, minimally influenced by mankind, preserves the completeness of a primitive state with the largest number of tree species of coniferous forest and wildlife species.

Besides, the famous legends about “Kanas Monster” (kā nà sī hú guài 喀纳斯湖怪), the “Emei Spectacle” (é méi qí guān 峨眉奇观), which lights up the clouds after a morning rain, adds another air of mystery to the lake. The practices of the Tuwa Tribe and Altai Mountain rock-paintings have been attracting explorers and travelers to this area for decades.

Animals and Plants
LarchEmbraced by snow-capped mountains, the Kanas Lake area is covered with dense forests and is the only region where animals and plants of South Siberia species can be found in China. A glorious stretch of primeval forest rings the lake, and the river which feeds it. Larch, red pine, spruce and birch, the classic continental trees still grow in profusion here, where they make a home for all manner of noble creature too self-respecting to linger near human settlements. A thousand plant species, three hundred kinds of animals and a hundred of birds, big numbers that do little justice to an area of teeming biodiversity unique for being the southwest tail of the Siberian taiga.

Attractions

Monster in the Lake
Legend has it that huge monsters dwell in the lake’s depths and they often has dragged horses and camels drinking into the water before swallowing them. It is said that the monster is actually a kind of rare fish named “Hucho taimen” in Chinese, also called “huge red fish”, with the longest one measuring up to over 10 meters.

Buddha Halo Shining over Sea of Clouds (yún hǎi fó guāng 云海佛光)
After heavy rains in the early morning, one can appreciate the sunrise while standing in the Pavilion for Viewing Fish on the top of a peak. During sunrises, clouds and mist curl high up over the Kanas Lake. Sometimes, one can encounter the great spectacle of Buddha Halo, like that of Emei Mountain, with reflections of the pavilion and human figures in the halo.

Great Spectacle of Color-changing Lake (biàn sè hú 变色湖)
Great Spectacle of Color-changing Lake The Kanas Lake is famous for its changing colors. Colors of Kanas Lake vary in different seasons and weather. It changes several times in a day, from dark green to sky blue, then to gray and white. The long bean-shaped lake reflects the surrounding snowcapped mountains. In autumn, it presents a picturesque landscape of forests in a riot of colors with gold, red, blue and green, which excites your sights and senses.

Thousand-meter Long Bank with Withered Trees
On the lakeside, there are lots of withered trees with interlocked branches. Carried by strong wind or waves into the lake, these dead trees strangely flow against the current to the lake’s north end and pile up in the upper reaches. With the elapse of time, a thousand-meter-long dike of dead trees came into being, forming a rare spectacle.

The Tuwa Tribe (tú wǎ zú 图瓦族)
Wood Cabins Where Tuwa People LiveA Mongolian tribe called Tuwa lives on the south bank of the Kanas Lake. It is a valiant ethic minority with a long history. Tuwa people speak Turkish, resembling the language of Kazakh, and live on hunting and graze. They also have a special folk custom. The Tuwa live in pine wood cabins. Hunters and herders, they get plenty of beef and dairy in their diets. A faith in Lama Buddhism still bears a rich strain of shamanistic ideology, expressed in their still close ties to the land, and deliberate distance from the outside world.

Transportation
Kanas Lake is 140km from Burqin County (bù ěr jīn xiàn 布尔津县) and 246km from Altay City (ā lè tài 阿勒泰). There are flights to Altay City and tourist coaches to Burqin County from Urumqi (wū lǔ mù qí 乌鲁木齐). You can enter the nature reserve by car or on horseback with local guides.

Step I – Urumqi to Bu’erjin
There is no train from Urumqi to Bu’erjin. The only means of transportation is by coach. Nianzigou Bus Station (niǎn zǐ gōu zhǎng tú kè chē zhàn 捻子沟长途客车站), 40 minutes from Urumqi airport, has daily buses to Bu’erjin. About CNY 120 for sleeper, 15-16 hrs journey.

Step II – Bu’erjin to Kanas, there are 2 options:
East route:Bu’erjin-> Jiadengyu (jiǎ dēng yù 贾登峪)(popular)
West route: Bu’erjin-> Habahe (hā bā hé 哈巴河)->Baihaba (bái hā bā 白哈巴)
Jeeps and vans are available for rent, CNY 250-300 per trip to Jiadengyu, you can share with other travelers. If you don’t plan to trek, suggest you charter a vehicle for 3 days, which costs around CNY 1000, varying slightly according to vehicle type and condition.
Buses back to Bu’erjin and Urumqi are available at Shenxianwan Parking Lot (shén xiān wān kā nà sī cūn huàn chéng zhōng xīn 神仙湾喀纳斯村换乘中心) in the Kanas Tourist Zone.

Best Time to Visit
Due to the long winter in the area, Kanas is open for tour only from June to October every year. The best time to visit is mid-May to June for its mountain blossom and fress grass before they are eaten by goats and cow; and September for its colorful autumn scenery. July and August are holidays and are crowded by local Chinese tourists.

Tips:

  1. Kanas is located along the Chinese border, visitors must have a frontier permit for Burqin County. Permits can be applied for individually or through travel agencies in Urumqi for about CNY 5-10.
  2. Temperature changes sharply in Kanas from 14-15℃ in daytime to 4-5℃ at night. Bring enough warm clothes with you, even in summer.

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Scenic Area
Entrance Fee
Kanas Scenic Area
CNY 150

CNY 150 (October 10 – May 10 including Hemu Village and Baihaba Village)
Hemu Village
CNY 60
Baihaba Village
CNY 50

Note: The maintenance fee for Hemu and Baihaba Villages is CNY 20

 Vehicle   Charge

Inter-zone vehicle: CNY80; Cruise ship: CNY120; Drifting: CNY200

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